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Dietary Needs for Cats and Dogs

Mississauga Animal Hospital

While it’s obvious that cats and dogs look very different from one another from the outside, it’s easy to assume that their internal processes would function the same. However, you’d be wrong in that assumption, as the metabolic differences between dogs and cats are quite different. So much so that they each require varying nutrients and amounts in their diets to keep their bodies functioning properly. For the well being of your furry friends, here are four important differences in the nutritional needs of cats and dogs.

Cats are Carnivores

Cats need the nutrients that are found in animal-based products in order to meet their dietary requirements. As cats have evolved and consumed animals over time, their bodies have become unable to properly digest and metabolize some of the essential nutrients that the animals they feed on are able to. Because a cat’s form can’t do it on its own, it’s necessary for their health that they’re fed on animal-based ingredients that are found in muscles and organ meat. Dogs, on the other hand, are semi-carnivores and are able to get away with less meat in their diets.

Amino Acids
Cats need more protein in their diets than dogs, proteins that are made up of amino acids. They need taurine as well, but their bodies are unable to make much of it purely from the amino acids within them. Without high levels of taurine in their diet, cats are likely to suffer from dilated cardiomyopathy (a heart condition), reproductive failure, abnormal development at a young age or retinal degeneration.

Fatty Acids
Fatty acids need to be consumed through food, as a pet’s body can’t make sufficient amounts of it on its own. Some of these essential nutrients, like arachidonic acid, are a fatty acid that a cat can’t produce on its own while a dog can. It’s necessary for producing an inflammatory response that tells the body when to send healing means to a location that’s experiencing blood clotting. It also supports the use of both the reproductive and gastrointestinal systems while also maintaining proper skin growth.

Cats are unable to create active forms of vitamin A as well as the necessary quantities of certain vitamin B complexes to nourish the body. These vitamins are necessary to support the health of your pet’s eyes and skin. They also help in converting proteins, carbohydrates and fats into energy. Dogs, however, are able to convert these pre-vitamin forms into their active forms through their metabolic processes.

At Truscott Animal Hospital, we’re a team of dedicated veterinarians and pet lovers who take the care of your pets very seriously. Located in Mississauga, Ontario, our animal hospital offers services such as pet vaccinations, pet wellness, dental care, dietary counselling, emergency vet treatments and more. We’re a Mississauga vet clinic that will do what we can to keep your cats, dogs and other exotic pets healthy, so book your appointment online or give us a call.

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Customer Reviews

Truscott Animal Hospital

Customer Reviews

Isabel Serna Moll June 2020

My golden, Lucas was taken care so well by Liam, Vanessa, and Dr. M. We have been looking for a new veterinarian for my dogs and I found a great match for them! The service was great and all my concerns were reassured, thank you Dr. M. Highly recommended :)

Cassandra MacLennan June 2020

Dr. M and the whole team at Truscott AH have been a dream to work with. They have been so helpful with Molly's health struggles. The team is very thorough, informative and reassuring. Dr. M takes such good care of the animals he sees. You can truly tell how passionate. empathetic, enthusiastic and reliable he is as a vet! Very happy with our care!

Shannon McKerrow June 2020

Dr M is the best vet out there. Very helpful and reasonable, he is literally a phone call away.. he is always there to help our fur babies. He is very caring about animals and loves them like his own. So thankful I found him as my vet! My puppy Dior loves going to see him as he is so gentle and caring with her when she gets anxious. He always follows up after appointments and is very professional. Thank you for everything Dr.M!!!!

Rai June 2020

I would totally recommend this clinic to anyone!! The staff are all amazing, very professional and caring with great knowledge.

Amir Hassanbeik June 2020

I recommend this clinic to everyone. We had a surgery for my GSD a very active and dominant Shepherd. We started well and operation was done on a Saturday which was important for me. My dog is feeling happy and getting over the wounds slowly. Dr. Medhat cares about clients expectations and his staff are professional and confident in handling the job which contribute to absolute satisfaction of clients. I drive 40 min each time happily.

Ahmad Elsayed June 2020

This Great hospital is by far the best in town . Dr Medhat is very talented , cared a lot about my pet and the follow up was just amazing . This is not a place that runs business as much as it really cares and considers you and your pet as a part of the family . Dr Medhat and his team are friendly , responsive and accessible all the day round even in the weekends!

Heba Ibrahim June 2020

Great Vet , great services and great team

Gediminas Handzel June 2020

100% recommend as the staff and doctor are very friendly and helped our dog Pooki feeling 100% better!

Justin Felix June 2020

This vet is the best so loving and caring its unbelievable the staff there too so persist on helping and getting things done also very loving to the animals highly recommend this vet!!!!!!!

Justin Felix June 2020

Best vet I’ve ever seen doctor is the best get things done quick and fast very loving with the animals too I highly recommend this vet